It is a baby. [37] Dresden was the seventh largest German city, and by far the largest un-bombed built-up area left, and thus was contributing to the defence of Germany itself. Des estimations élevées se réfèrent souvent à des déclarations de témoins oculaires qui ne peuvent plus être réexaminées, ainsi qu'à des informations de sources aux motifs divers (parfois négationnistes) : Le bilan finalement admis est de 25 000 morts maximum (dont 18 000 corps identifiés), établi par une commission d'historiens dirigée par Rolf-Dieter Müller et mandatée par la ville de Dresde en 2004-2010[29]. The Eighth Air Force had already bombed the railway yards near the centre of the city twice in daytime raids: once on 7 October 1944 with 70 tons of high-explosive bombs killing more than 400,[46] then again with 133 bombers on 16 January 1945, dropping 279 tons of high-explosives and 41 tons of incendiaries. His studio having burned in the attack with his life's work, Rudolph immediately set out to record the destruction, systematically drawing block after block, often repeatedly to show the progress of clearing or chaos that ensued in the ruins. The story itself is told through the eyes of Billy Pilgrim, a clear stand-in for Vonnegut himself. Bombardement dresde. La stratégie allemande faisait de l’ensemble des grandes villes sur le front de l’Est — die Festungen (« les forteresses ») — un rempart. Le bombardement de Dresde constitue la trame de fond du roman d'Henri Coulonges L'Adieu à la femme sauvage. [38], The US Air Force Historical Division wrote a report in response to the international concern about the bombing that remained classified until December 1978. Les bombardements de la nuit du 13 au 14 (sauf erreur) ont été menés avec des bombes incendiaires au phosphore, maisons, rues, personnes ont été transformés en une gigantesque torche. See reviews & details on a wide selection of Blu-ray & DVDs, both new & used. The absence of specific international humanitarian law does not mean that the laws of war did not cover aerial warfare, but the existing laws remained open to interpretation. Free delivery on qualified orders. Selon Gert Bürgel[41], les témoignages entendus et les matériaux de travail de la commission sont inaccessibles, couverts par le secret et ne peuvent donc pas être l'objet d'étude critique. The intentions of the attack are to hit the enemy where he will feel it most, behind an already partially collapsed front, to prevent the use of the city in the way of further advance, and incidentally to show the Russians when they arrive what Bomber Command can do. The results were published in 2010 and stated that between 22,700[3] and 25,000 people[4] were killed. The Dresden bombings achieved the strategic objectives that underlay the attack and were of mutual importance to the Allies and the Russians. He concluded that some memory of eyewitnesses was real, but that it had misinterpreted the firing in a dogfight as deliberately aimed at people on the ground. The bombings are a central theme in the 2006 German TV production, The devastation of Dresden was recorded in the woodcuts of Wilhelm Rudolph, an artist born in the city who resided there until his death in 1982, and was 55 at the time of the bombing. Dresde, un drame humain sans précédent Mais la barbarie des impérialistes anglo-saxons touche à son paroxysme avec le bombardement gratuit, inutile de Dresde, sans objectif militaire, juste pour "démoraliser" les allemands, utilisant la même méthode que les israéliens avec les palestiniens, avec des bombes au phosphore. L'évaluation du nombre de morts a beaucoup fluctué. Allégorie de la bonté[45], statue de Peter Pöppelmann (de)[46] sur la tour de l'hôtel de ville de Dresde[47]. Immediate German propaganda claims following the attacks and postwar discussions[5] of whether the attacks were justified have led to the bombing becoming one of the moral causes célèbres of the war. A party's representative, Jürgen Gansel, described the Dresden raids as "mass murder," and "Dresden's holocaust of bombs". 3,0 sur 5 étoiles bon film de guerre. Le 13 février 1945 environ 400 000 réfugiés allemands (femmes, enfants et vieillards) périssaient à Dresde sous les « bombes libératrices » au phosphore des alliées. H2X aiming caused the groups to bomb with a wide dispersal over the Dresden area. Ici, je dirai seulement que l'attaque de Dresde était à l'époque considérée comme une nécessité militaire par des personnes beaucoup plus importantes que moi." Around 78,000 dwellings had been completely destroyed; 27,700 were uninhabitable, and 64,500 damaged but readily repairable. Four major raids were carried out in the span of 10 days, of which the most notable, on 27–28 July, created a devastating firestorm effect similar to Dresden's, killing at least 45,000 people. Après ceux d’Hiroshima et de Nagasaki, il s’agit du bombardement aérien le plus meurtrier de cette guerre. La ville (629 713 habitants en 1939) comprenait en effet plusieurs gares et centralisait des réseaux téléphoniques vitaux pour le front de l'Est ; en raison des circonstances, elle aurait été intégrée tardivement au projet opération Thunderclap (de) en août 1944 qui proposait originairement de frapper Berlin[5] de manière décisive[6]. ph, bombardement lysekrone 2/1, hængelampe, reserveret reserveret reserveret bombardement lysekrone i meget pÆn stand, flot stel, og med glas der er flotte og intakte ingen fejl. They failed to hit the marshalling yards in the Friedrichstadt district and, as in the previous raid, their ordnance was scattered over a wide area. As a centre of military and munitions production, Coventry suffered some of the worst attacks on any British city at the hands of the Luftwaffe during the Coventry Blitzes of 1940 and 1941, which killed over 1,200 civilians and destroyed its cathedral.[119]. Allied arguments centre around the existence of a local air defence system and additional ground defences the Germans were constructing in anticipation of Soviet advances. La ville de Dresde était très importante pour l’Allemagne, notamment au niveau historique. In response, Portal, who was in Yalta, asked Bottomley to send him a list of objectives to discuss with the Soviets. If we come into control of an entirely ruined land, there will be a great shortage of accommodation for ourselves and our allies. På DBA finder du altid et godt tilbud på både nye og brugte varer til salg [67] The 379th bombardment group started to bomb Dresden at 12:17, aiming at marshalling yards in the Friedrichstadt district west of the city centre, as the area was not obscured by smoke and cloud. Despite repeated diplomatic attempts to update international humanitarian law to include aerial warfare, it was not updated before the outbreak of World War II. By this point in the war, the Luftwaffe was severely hampered by a shortage of both pilots and aircraft fuel; the German radar system was also degraded, lowering the warning time to prepare for air attacks. [53][54], The Lancasters crossed into French airspace near the Somme, then into Germany just north of Cologne. L'United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) et la Royal Air Force (RAF) utilisèrent des bombes incendiaires notamment à la thermite[1], l'emploi du phosphore étant lui discuté. At 21:39 the Reich Air Defence Leadership issued an enemy aircraft warning for Dresden, although at that point it was thought Leipzig might be the target. I efteråret 1944 og i vinteren 1944/45 foregik de allieredes fremrykning væsentligt langsommere end de havde ventet. So instead the Nazis sent in troops with flamethrowers. "This should be a sobering thought. En une nuit et deux jours, près de 1 300 bombardiers ont largué 2 431 tonnes (tons) de bombes « HE » (high explosive, à grand pouvoir explosif, comportant un régime de détonation supersonique), et 1 475 tonnes de bombes « IB » (incendiary bombs, soit des centaines de milliers de bombes incendiaires), lors de trois raids principaux (13 et 14 février) et d'un dernier raid le 15 février, soit plus de 3 900 tonnes d'engins explosifs et incendaires[12]. In 1990, after the fall of the Berlin Wall, a group of prominent Dresdeners formed an international appeal known as the "Call from Dresden" to request help in rebuilding the Lutheran Frauenkirche, the destruction of which had over the years become a symbol of the bombing. Les témoignages font aussi dramatiquement état de la présence d'une tempête de feu (Feuersturm) sur plusieurs kilomètres carrés, confirmée par les analyses[32], avec des vents de la force d'une tornade[33] qui aspiraient vers le feu les victimes qui tentaient de se retenir[34],[35]. Buy Dresde Apocalypse DVD, Blu-ray online at lowest price in India at Cookies hjælper os desuden med at få overblik over dit besøg på hjemmesiden. Februar 1945", Air operations during the Battle of Europe, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland,, History of the Royal Air Force during World War II, World War II strategic bombing of Germany, Aerial operations and battles of World War II by town or city, Germany–United Kingdom military relations, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 7 aircraft (1 B-17 and 6 Lancasters, including crews), Military units and anti-aircraft defences were sufficiently close that it was not valid to consider the city "undefended.". Dresde 1945 If clouds obscured Dresden but Chemnitz was clear, Chemnitz was the target. Skip to main content. Février 1945 : Dresde est une ville ouverte, une ville désarmée où les 25 hôpitaux et les dizaines de centres d'accueil hébergent, nourrissent, réconfortent et soignent tant bien que mal des dizaines de milliers de réfugiés - vieillards, femmes et enfants - de mutilés et de blessés fuyant les "libérateurs" staliniens. Civilian strafing was in fact a regular practice of the Luftwaffe throughout the war. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 7 novembre 2020 à 17:25. 47, that originated with Hitler's Reich Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. [172], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°2′N 13°44′E / 51.033°N 13.733°E / 51.033; 13.733, British/American air raids on a city in Germany, RAF strategic bombing during the Second World War, U.S. Air Force Historical Division report.

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